Yuk Pelajari "Cultural Awareness" di Negara Amerika dan Inggris

28 April 2014 Tutorial Bahasa Inggris   |    Anam Khoirul

Here, we are going to talk about cultural awareness both in United States and United Kingdom.

Banyak yang sama, tapi banyak juga yang beda.

Yuk mulai dari negara Amerika terlebih dulu.

In United States, when people meet each other for the first time, they talk about things like family, work, school, or sports.
These are polite questions. They are not personal or private. They ask questions like:

1.Do you have any brothers or sisters? (Apakah Anda memiliki saudara?)
2.Where do you work? (Dimanakah Anda bekerja?)
3.What school do you go to? (Dimanakah Anda sekolah?)
4.Do you like sport? (Apakah Anda suka berolahraga?)
5.Where do you come from? (Darimanakah Anda berasal?)
6.Where do you live? (Dimanakah Anda tinggal?)

But do not ask questions such as:

1.How much is your salary? (Berapa penghasilan anda?)
2.How much did you pay for your watch? (Berapa harga jam Anda?)
3.Why are you single? (Kenapa Anda masih single?)
4.Why dont you have any children? (Kenapa Anda tidak punya anak?)
5.How old are you? (Berapa umur Anda?)

Because those questions are considered impolite. It is also impolite to ask people questions about politics, religion unless you know them very well.

What about in United Kingdom?
In Britain you will find most people are kinder to you if you behave politely, respecting local people and customs. You may sometimes upset people by things that you say or do, even if these things seem perfectly normal in your own culture.

When you first meet someone it can be difficult to know how to start a conversation, especially if your first language is not English.

Which topics are safe for small talk? Here are some examples:

  • Introductions, eg "Hello. May I introduce myself? My name is Mark"
  • Travel, eg "Did you manage to find here OK?" or "Did you have a good journey?"
  • Family, eg "How is your family?" (hanya jika Anda sudah tahu mengenai keluarganya)
  • Hospitality, eg "Can I get you something to eat or drink?"
  • The weather, eg "It's a lovely day today, isn't it?"
  • Holidays, eg "Are you going anywhere this weekend?" or "Are you going anywhere on holiday this year?"
  • Nature, eg "The garden looks lovely, doesn't it?"
  • Pets, eg "What a lovely dog. What is his name?" (Orang-orang Inggris sangat suka anjing dan kucing)
  • General news, eg "What do you think about the recent floods?" (sebaiknya menghindari perbincangan seputar politik dan gosip)
  • Films, eg "Have you seen the film Bridget Jones's Diary?"
  • Television, eg "Did you see The X Factor last night?"
  • Music, eg "What sort of music do you like?"
  • Books, eg "Have you read any good books recently?" (hanya untuk orang yang Anda tahu suka baca buku)
  • Sport, eg "Have you been watching EPL?" (Masyarakat Inggris, khususnya kaum laki-laki, sangat nyaman membicarakan sepak bola)
  • Hobbies, eg "What do you enjoy doing in your spare time?"
  • Business, eg "How's your business going?" (hanya ditanyakan untuk orang-orang yang memang memiliki bisnis)
  • Studies, eg "What are you studying?"
  • Work, eg "What sort of work do you do?"
  • Food, eg "I had a lovely Chinese meal last night - do you like Chinese food?"

Which topics are best avoided for small talk?
You may need to be careful when you talk about some topics, khususnya pada orang-orang yang baru saja kamu temui, orang-orang yang lebih tua darimu, orang-orang yang sepertinya memiliki pandangan kuat tentang agama atau politik, atau orang yang mungkin memiliki masalah pribadi atau sensitive. For example, be cautious if you discuss these subjects:

  • Age, eg "How old are you?"
  • Appearance or weight, eg "You seem to have put on some weight"
  • Personal gossip about somebody you know (Guyonan-guyonan yang mungkin bisa menyinggung. Terutama yang berkaitan dengan golongan atau rasis)
  • Money, eg "How much do you earn?"
  • Sex (beberapa orang memiliki pandangan agama yang sangat kuat tentang ini atau merasa dipermalukan dengan topik ini)
  • Previous or current relationships, eg "Do you have a girlfriend?"
  • Politics, eg "Who did you vote for at the last election?"
  • Religion, eg "Do you believe in God?"
  • Criticisms or complaints, eg "Why is British food so bad?"

(Penulis adalah seorang Instruktur di Jogja English Course & Community - Yogyakarta)
Blog: JogjaEnglish.net