Perubahan Kata Kerja pada Kalimat



Jika kita perhatikan dalam penggunaan kalimat terutama pada bahasa Inggris, seringkali perubahan kalimat membuat kita terutama pemula binggung untuk menafsirkan maksud dari kalimat tersebut. sebelum kita masuk dalam berbagai perubahan kata kerja, kita terlebih dahulu harus memahami apa itu perubahan kata kerja atau lebih dikenal dengan Verb Conjugation.

Verb conjugation adalah perubahan dari bentuk kata kerja yang disesuaikan dengan subjek yang mengikutinya serta dipengaruhi oleh jenis tensesnya.

Perubahan bentuk ini memang bisa dikatakan sederhana, namun seringkali banyak orang salah mengartikan ketika menafsirkan perubahan kata kerja, sehingga membuat kesalahan tersebut dilakukan secara berulang dan menjadi kebiasaan. Supaya tidak salah dalam menentukan kata kerjanya, berikut beberapa subjek yang pada kalimat yang mengalami perubahan kata kerja:

· I (Subject) → Am (Verb)
· They, We & You (Subject) → Are (Verb)
· He, She & It(Subject) → Is (Verb)

Selain dari Subjek, bentuk-bentuk pada kalimat juga dapat mempengaruhi berubahnya kata kerja. Untuk memahami perubahan bentuk ini, berikut ini adalah macam-macam verb conjugation yang bisa kita pelajari untuk memahami perubahan bentuk kata kerja.

1. Present tense
Contoh:

· They are → they are happy.
· We are → we are happy.
· I am → I am happy.
· You are → you are happy.
· He is → He is happy.
· She is → She is happy.
· It is → it is happy.

2. Future Tense
Contoh:

· They will be → they will be happy.
· We will be → we will be happy.
· I will be → I will be happy.
· He will be → he will be happy.
· She will be → she will be happy.
· It will be → it will be happy.

3. Simple past
Contoh:

· They were → they were happy.
· We were → we were happy.
· I was → I was happy.
· He was → he was happy.
· She was → she was happy.
· It was → it was happy.

4. Present continuous
· They are being → they are being happy.
· We are being → we are being happy.
· I am being → I am being happy.
· He is being → he is being happy.
· She is being → she is being happy.
· It is being → it is being happy.

5. Future Continuous
· They will be being → they will be being happy.
· We will be being → we will be being happy.
· I will be being → I will be being happy.
· He will be being → he will be being happy.
· She will be being → she will be being happy.
· It will be being → it will be being happy.

6. Past Continuous
· They were being → they were being happy.
· We were being → we were being happy.
· I was being → I was being happy.
· He was being → he was being happy.
· She was being → She was being happy.
· It was being → it was being happy.

Selain itu ada beberapa tenses yang serupa dan merupakan turunan seperti Past Perfect, Past Perfect Continuous, Future Perfect, Present perfect ,Present perfect continuous dan beberapa tenses lainnya.

Oleh: Albert S.
(Dikutip dari caramudahbelajarbahasainggris.net)